Agreement Of The Berlin Conference

The conference that Portugal had proposed in applying its particular right to control the mouth of the Congo was necessary because of the jealousy and suspicions with which the great European powers regarded the attempts of the other to contemplate colonial expansion in Africa. The general act of the Berlin conference declared the Congo River basin neutral (a fact that did not prevent the Allies from extending the war to this territory during the First World War); guaranteed freedom for trade and navigation for all states in the watershed; to ban the slave trade; and rejected Portugal`s claims on the mouth of the Congo River, thus allowing the creation of the independent free state of Congo, which Britain, France and Germany had already accepted in principle. The conference opened on November 15, 1884 and lasted until the end of February 26, 1885. [12] The number of plenipotentiaries varied by nation,[13] but these 14 countries sent representatives to the Berlin conference and signed the following law in Berlin:[14] The Berlin Conference did not initiate European colonization of Africa, but legitimately legitimized and formalized them. In addition, it has generated new interest in Africa. After the end of the conference, the European powers extended their claims to Africa so that European states claimed almost 90% of The African territory until 1900. This first international conference on Africa has created a model on how the world treats the continent. Today, Africa is seen above all as a source of raw materials for the outside world and as an arena around which it can compete. Conferences on the continent rarely take place on the continent itself and rarely care about the views of ordinary Africans.

American journalist Daniel De Leon described the conference as “an event event event in the history of political science… Diplomatic in form, it was actually economic. And it is true that, even though he was disguised as a humanitarian summit to consider the well-being of indigenous peoples, his agenda was almost purely economic. Few people on the continent or in the African diaspora have been deceived. A week before it closed, the Lagos Observer said that “the world may never have experienced a burglary of this magnitude.” Six years later, another editor of a Lagos newspaper, who compared the Heritage Conference to the slave trade, said, “Violent possession of our country has replaced the violent possession of our person.” Theodore Holly, the first black Protestant bishop in the United States, condemned the delegates as “gathered to legislate, domestic rape, theft and murder.”